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Kumquat
Scientific Name: Fortunella margarita (Lour.) Swingle
Synonym:
Family: Rutaceae
Kumquat (Fortunella  margarita) Recommended Temperature Zone:
sunset: 8,9,12-24
USDA: 9-10 (8 with protection)

Frost Tolerance: Hardy to 18°F (-8°C).

Sun Exposure: Full Sun

Origin: Indochina

Growth Habits: Evergreen tree

Watering Needs: Needs adequate soil moisture for healthy growth and good fruit production.

Propagation: Cuttings, seeds, grafting, budding


Variety Zones (Sunset) Maturity Zone 13 Remarks
Fukushu 8,9,12-24 Oct-March ‘Fukushu’ has small bright orange entirely edible fruit. Small symmetrical tree with attractive dark, green leaves. Beautiful landscape or container specimen.
Meiwa 8,9,12-24 Oct-March ‘Meiwa’ has round fruit with spicy sweet peel and pulp. The fruit is used for preserves and candied fruit. Similar to the Nagami, the trees are used in home and commercial landscaping and are cold hardy.
Nagami 8,9,12-24 Oct-March ‘Nagami’ is more oblong than the ‘Meiwa’, more acid intaste, and a brighter orange color. The ‘Nagami’ trees are used in home and commercial landscaping and are quite coldhardy.
Source: University of Arizona: Cooperative Extension

Kumquat (Fortunella margarita), U.S.D.A. Forest Service Collection, Courtesy of the Hunt Institute

Cultural Practices:
Easy to care for, take well to pruning. Needs to be fertilized regularly for optimal growth and good fruit production. Follow regular citrus fertilizing schedule.

Blooming Habits:
Bear year around in protected areas

Fruiting Habits:
The fruit is ovoid with occasional seeds. Slightly tart, it can be eaten fresh (whole) or made in preserves. It is a useful addition in many dishes and salads.

Links:
Low desert citrus varieties


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Desert-Tropicals is dedicated to provide gardening advice, gardening ideas, and information about flower of all kind for landscape and collections. We try to check carefully the identification of the plants on the illustrations as well as the other information from the page, but occasionally errors do occur. if you notice anything that needs to be changed please contact us. Thanks.

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