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Pear, European Pear
Scientific Name: Pyrus communis L.
Family: Rosaceae
Recommended Temperature Zone:
sunset: All zones
USDA: 5-8

Sun Exposure: Full sun

Origin: Unknown in the wild, maybe a cultivated form of Pyrus caucasia and/or Pyrus nivalis

Growth Habits: Deciduous tree, pyramidal shaped, up to 30 to 40 feet tall (9-12 m), except when grafted on dwarfing rootstock

Watering Needs: Regular water

Propagation: T-budded or chip budded, quince rootstock are generally dwarfing, but sometimes require double budding

Selected Varieties
Variety Zones
Season Maturity Zone 13 Remarks Self-Fertile
Bartlett 1-11,14-18 Mid   Large fruit with golden yellow color, one of the best pears. Green at picking. Needs pollenizer for better production. Susceptible to fire blight.  
Bosc 1-11,14-18 Mid   Medium to large fruit - long tapering neck, darkly russeted. Stores well. Susceptible to fire blight.  
Flordahome 2-23 Early 6/15-7/15 Medium size fruit with thin green skin. Very nice quality, white flesh,sweet, smooth-textured, juicy, flavorful. Early bloom. Partially self-fruitful, better with pollenizer. Hood is best pollenizer. Chilling requirement less than 300 hours. Recommended for the low deserts.
Hood 2-23 Early   Large, smooth fruit with buttery texture.  Good pollenizer for Floridahome. Chilling requirement less than 300 hours.  
Kieffer, Keiffer 2-23 Early 6/15-7/15 Fair quality, hard fruit containing grit cells. Needs pollenizer. Medium to large late season fruit. Canning/cooking. Sprightly flavor, coarse texture. Resists fireblight, tolerates hot climates. Dependable crops. Chilling requirement 350 hours. Recommended for the low deserts. x
LeConte 2-23 Early   High quality, low chill pear. Needs cross pollination.  
Orient 2-23 Early   Very large fruit with white flesh. Very vigorous tree.  Fire blight resistant.  
Red Sensation 1-11,14-18 Mid   Red Bartlett.  White, juicy, tender flesh. Chilling requirement 900 hours.  
Seckel 1-11,14-18 Mid   Small reddish green fruit. Dense an flavorful flesh.  Fire blight and pear scab resistant.  
Surecrop 1-11,14-18 Mid   Small reddish brown fruit. Dessert quality.  
Source: University of Arizona: Cooperative Extension

Blooming Habits:
White flowers.

Fruiting Habits:

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Desert-Tropicals is dedicated to provide gardening advice, gardening ideas, and information about flower of all kind for landscape and collections. We try to check carefully the identification of the plants on the illustrations as well as the other information from the page, but occasionally errors do occur. if you notice anything that needs to be changed please contact us. Thanks.

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