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Chinese Jujube, Chinese Date
Scientific Name: Ziziphus jujuba Mill.
Synonym:
Family: Rhamnaceae
Chinese Jujube, Chinese Date (Ziziphus  jujuba) Recommended Temperature Zone:
sunset: 7-16,18-24
USDA: 6-10

Frost Tolerance: Hardy to -20 F (-28 C)

Heat Tolerance: Excellent

Sun Exposure: Full sun, will tolerate reflected heat in the low deserts

Origin: India, China, to eastern Europe, cultivated in China for over 4000 years.

Growth Habits: Small deciduous tree or shrub, 15 to 25 feet (4.5-7.5 m) or more; leathery leaves, 0.8 to 2.8 inches long (2-7 cm)

Watering Needs: Moderate water, prefers sandy, well drained soild. Mature trees need a good soaking once a month to improve fruit quality

Propagation: Whip-grafts, named varieties don't come true from seeds or rootstock suckers.


Jujubes are interesting fruit trees. They are easy to grow in Phoenix, and the trees have an interesting shape. The fruit can be eaten fresh, or dried.

Varieties sometimes encountered
Variety Zones (Sunset) Maturity Zone 13 Remarks
GA-866 7-16,18-24 6/15-7/15 Very sweet, large, elongated fruit.
Lang 7-16,18-24 6/15-7/15 1.6 to 2 inches long fruits (4-5 cm).
Li 7-16,18-24 6/15-7/15 2 inches long fruits (5 cm).


Cultural Practices:
Mature trees can produce large quantities of root suckers. It is advantageous to plant the tree in an area where you can just mow them. Similarly, unpicked fruit falls on the ground where it can create a litter problem.
Jujubes are sensitive to Texas root rot.

Blooming Habits:
White flowers, faintly fragrant, 0.12 to 0.2 inches in diameter (3-5 mm), in late spring and summers. Jujubes are self-fertile.

Fruiting Habits:
Cherry-size to plum-size fruit, containing a single stone with 2 seeds. The texture and flavor are similar to an apple. The seedling fruits can be quite small.


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Desert-Tropicals is dedicated to provide gardening advice, gardening ideas, and information about flower of all kind for landscape and collections. We try to check carefully the identification of the plants on the illustrations as well as the other information from the page, but occasionally errors do occur. if you notice anything that needs to be changed please contact us. Thanks.

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