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Scientific Name: Byrsonima spicata (Cav.) L. C. Rich.
Family: Malpighiaceae
Maricao (Byrsonima  spicata)
USDA picture
Recommended Temperature Zone:
sunset: 23-24
USDA: 10-12

Frost Tolerance: Tender in Phoenix. Hardy to 32F (0 C)

Sun Exposure: Full sun

Origin: Mexico to Venezuela

Growth Habits: Tree up to 70 feet tall (20 m)

Watering Needs:

Propagation: Seeds

The "Maricao," native to many islands of the West Indies and to continental tropical America, forms a medium-sized to large tree that sometimes reaches a height of 70 to 80 feet. The elliptic or lanceolate leaves are 2 to 4 inches in length (5-10 cm) by about 1 inch (2.5 cm)in width. The leaves are pubescent when young but nearly free of hairs when mature.

Cultural Practices:
The golden spoon is propagated by seeds. The plants are able to thrive on unproductive soil if it is well drained.

Blooming Habits:
The small yellowish-gold flowers are produced in terminal racemes from June until September. The young twigs and the inflorescences are clothed with reddish hairs.

Fruiting Habits:
The globose fruits, which mature in the autumn and winter, reach a diameter of up to I inch (2.5 cm), and contain 3 seeds. The juicy pulp is too acid for eating out of hand but can be used to make jelly or jam.

The "maricao" is propagated by seeds which remain viable for at least 1 year.

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Desert-Tropicals is dedicated to provide gardening advice, gardening ideas, and information about flower of all kind for landscape and collections. We try to check carefully the identification of the plants on the illustrations as well as the other information from the page, but occasionally errors do occur. if you notice anything that needs to be changed please contact us. Thanks.

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