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Velvet Mesquite, Arizona Mesquite
Scientific Name: Prosopis velutina Woot.
Synonym: Prosopis articulata, Prosopis juliflora var. articulata, Prosopis juliflora, Prosopis chilensis var. velutina, Neltuma velutina, Prosopis juliflora var. velutina
Family: Fabaceae
Velvet Mesquite, Arizona Mesquite (Prosopis  velutina)
Velvet Mesquite (Prosopis velutina), U.S.D.A. Drawing, courtesy Hunt Institute
Recommended Temperature Zone:
sunset: 10-13
USDA: 8b-10

Sun Exposure: Full sun

Origin: USA (Arizona, western New Mexico), Mexico (Sonora) at low to medium elevation

Growth Habits: Deciduous thorny shrub or small tree, 25 to 50 feet tall (7.5-15 m), 15 to 25 feet wide (4.5-7.5 m); mature bark is thick, rough, dark brown, shredding in strips, while the bark on young stem is green, helping in photosynthesis; stout, yellow thorns, 0.24 to 1 inch long (6-25 mm); bipinnate leaves with one pair of pinnae bearing 14 to 30 pairs of dark green, short, hairy, and closely spaced leaflets, 0.32 to 0.5 inch long (8-12 mm)

Watering Needs: Infrequent deep watering

Propagation: Seeds that need scarification. Since the mesquites hybridize easily, special care has to be taken to insure that the seeds are not of hybrid origin

The Velvet Mesquite is classified a noxious weed in North Carolina and Florida.

Blooming Habits:
Yellowish green flowers, on a 2 to 3 inches long (5-7.5 cm) catkin-looking cylindrical raceme, in clusters of 2 to 6, in early summer

Fruiting Habits:
Edible, slender, flattened, yellow, red, black, or mottled, seed pods, 2.8 to 9 inches long (7-22.5 cm), 0.28 to 0.5 inch wide (7-12 mm), solitary or in drooping clusters, ripening in mid to late summer.

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Desert-Tropicals is dedicated to provide gardening advice, gardening ideas, and information about flower of all kind for landscape and collections. We try to check carefully the identification of the plants on the illustrations as well as the other information from the page, but occasionally errors do occur. if you notice anything that needs to be changed please contact us. Thanks.

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