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Bird of Paradise Bush, Desert Bird of Paradise
Scientific Name: Caesalpinia gilliesii (Wall. ex Hook.) Benth.
Synonym: Poinciana gilliesii, Erythrostemon gilliesii, Caesalpinia macrantha
Family: Fabaceae
Bird of Paradise Bush, Desert Bird of Paradise (Caesalpinia  gilliesii) Recommended Temperature Zone:
sunset: 8-16,18-23
USDA: 8-11

Frost Tolerance: Hardy to 5F (-15C), generally loses its leaves around 25F (-4C)

Sun Exposure: Full sun to part shade

Origin: Argentina, Uruguay, naturalized in Texas, southern USA

Growth Habits: Evergreen or deciduous bush, 5 to 10 feet tall (1.5-3 m) 4 to 6 feet wide (1.2-1.8 m); green spineless stems; bipinnate leaves, 3 to 5 inches long (7.5-12.5 cm), 6 to 12 pairs of pinnae with 5 to 10 pairs of leaflets

Watering Needs: Infrequent deep watering, little water, good drainage

Propagation: Seed, with slight scarification

Bird of Paradise Bushes are fairly common in Phoenix. The seeds and the green seed pods are toxic, provoking severe vomiting and other abdominal symptoms.

Cultural Practices:
Plant in spring 5 feet apart. Trim anytime for compactness.

Blooming Habits:
Tropical looking yellow flowers with 10 long conspicuous red stamen, in spring and summer.

Fruiting Habits:

Botanica : The Illustrated A-Z of over 10,000 Garden Plants

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Desert-Tropicals is dedicated to provide gardening advice, gardening ideas, and information about flower of all kind for landscape and collections. We try to check carefully the identification of the plants on the illustrations as well as the other information from the page, but occasionally errors do occur. if you notice anything that needs to be changed please contact us. Thanks.

1998-2005 Philippe Faucon, All Rights Reserved.