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Four-Wing Saltbush, Chamisa, Cenizo
Scientific Name: Atriplex canescens (Pursh) Nutt.
Synonym:
Family: Chenopodiaceae
Four-Wing Saltbush, Chamisa, Cenizo (Atriplex  canescens) Recommended Temperature Zone:
sunset: 2-24
USDA: 6-10

Frost Tolerance: Fully hardy in Phoenix

Heat Tolerance: Heat tolerant, will support reflected heat in Phoenix

Sun Exposure: Full sun to light shade

Origin: Western USA (from South Dakota to Arizona) and northwestern Mexico

Growth Habits: Evergreen bush, spreading to rounded, 5 to 8 feet tall (1.5-2.4 m), 4 to 8 feet spread (1.2 to 2.4 m); simple, alternate, pubescent, pale gray green leaves, up to 2.4 inches long (6 cm), 0.25 inch wide (6 mm)

Watering Needs: Little water when established, withstand alkaline and salty soils, does fine with brackish water

Propagation: Seeds or cuttings


The name 'four wing' refers to the shape of the seed. These seeds are borne in quantities by the female plants. They were ground and used by the natives. Other parts of this shrub have been used also: leaves and young shoots were used in soups and stews, the flowers, and twigs were used to make a yellow dye, and the fruits are edible. The plant is also a fire retardant.

Four-Wing Saltbush, Chamisa, Cenizo (Atriplex  canescens)

Four-Wing Saltbush, Chamisa, Cenizo (Atriplex  canescens)

Cultural Practices:
The Four-Wing Saltbush can be sheared for hedges.

Blooming Habits:
The Chamisa has golden blossoms in summer and early fall.

Fruiting Habits:


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Desert-Tropicals is dedicated to provide gardening advice, gardening ideas, and information about flower of all kind for landscape and collections. We try to check carefully the identification of the plants on the illustrations as well as the other information from the page, but occasionally errors do occur. if you notice anything that needs to be changed please contact us. Thanks.

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