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Scientific Name: Mangifera indica L.
Mango "Edwards" planted in Fall 1996, one (small) mango in 1998.
Recommended Temperature Zone:|
Frost Tolerance: Very frost sensitive in Phoenix, Flowers and fruit killed if the temperature drops below 40° F (4°C). Mature tree will resist very short exposure at 25°F (-4°C).
Sun Exposure: Full sun to light shade
Origin: There are two types of Mangoes, Indian and Indo-chinese.
Growth Habits: Evergreen tree
Watering Needs: Fairly drought resistant, do much better with soil staying wet in summer.
Propagation: Seeds might not be true to type. Cuttings almost never works. Grafting works better from May through September.
Mangoes are very attractive trees, covered of large glossy deep green leaves. Although they are very frost sensitive, they don't mind the dry air of Phoenix area too much, except when they have a new flush of leaves. If they don't freeze in the location you chose for them, they produce fairly well and the fruit picked from the tree is generally delicious. It is a good tree to try.
Fertilize regularly for best growth. Put fertilizer twice a month after fruit set, until September. It is better to remove the flower spike just after it opens on the young trees. The flowers seem to inhibit the leaf growth. If the flowers are removed too early, the tree will probably generate more flower spikes.
In Phoenix dry climate, I have found that hosing the young trees foliage everyday when they have new leaves helps to keep them denser and lusher.
It is not always easy to determine when the fruit is ripe, since in most varieties, they is no obvious color change. Short of waiting until the fruit drops, you can also delicately check if it is firm, and sometimes the amount of gloss might be an indication.
The mangoes grow fairly easily from seeds. Young seedlings like warmth and humidity, and they will take 7-10 years to produce a fruit of unknown qualities. On the other hand, they are an inexpensive way to try your hand on growing mangoes. In any case, they should be kept in container for the first 2 years, before being exposed to Phoenix winter.
CRFG Mango Fruit Facts
Growing a Mango seedling
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