Oil Palm
Scientific Name: Elaeis guineensis Jacq.
Elaeis guineensis

Size: Up to 50 feet tall (15 m) up to 30 feet in diameter (9 m)
Min. Temperature: 28F (-2C)
Water Requirements: Regular water
Sun Requirements: Sun to light shade
Origin: West Africa
Germination: Sometimes hard to germinate.
Leaf: Pinnate, 40 to 50 green, plumose leaves with 250 to 300 leaflets, 12 to 16 feet long (3.6 to 5m). 2 to 5 feet long, armed.
Trunk: No crownshaft, Up to 16 inches in diameter (40 cm), Up to 16 inches in diameter (40 cm).
Flower: cream male and female flowers on different inflorescences.. Flower stalk coming from among the lower leaves.
Fruit: Depending on the variety, yellow turning red or black when ripe. 2 inches in diameter (5 cm).
Seed: 1 inch long. pointed at one end.

The fruits of this very important tropical crop are pressed to produce palm oil.


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