The fruits of this very important tropical crop are pressed to produce palm oil.
Oil PalmScientific Name: Elaeis guineensis Jacq.
Size: Up to 50 feet tall (15 m) up to 30 feet in diameter (9 m)
Min. Temperature: 28°F (-2°C)
Water Requirements: Regular water
Sun Requirements: Sun to light shade
Origin: West Africa
Germination: Sometimes hard to germinate.
40 to 50 green, plumose leaves with 250 to 300 leaflets,
12 to 16 feet long (3.6 to 5m).
2 to 5 feet long, armed.
Trunk: No crownshaft,
Up to 16 inches in diameter (40 cm),
Up to 16 inches in diameter (40 cm).
Flower: cream male and female flowers on different inflorescences..
Flower stalk coming from among the lower leaves.
Fruit: Depending on the variety, yellow turning red or black when ripe.
2 inches in diameter (5 cm).
Seed: 1 inch long.
pointed at one end.
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